Using the Appropriate Force to Stop an Assault
The Art of Self Defence
Many citizens have a misconception about defending themselves and the legal consequences attached to the act of self defence. The misconception seems to focus on the belief that if a defender strikes the attacker they will also be charged with assault. This misconception, sad to say, leads to many citizens giving thugs the green light to either push them around or hurt them because the belief is:
- "There's nothing I can do about it without getting in trouble."
- "The bad guys will get away with it, so what's the use. I'll end up accused of being the bad guy."
- "I can't hit the bad guy first because the tables will be turned and he'll claim he is the victim."
- "The law seems to protect the criminal more than the victims."
The misconception described above, unfortunately, gives the criminal permission to commit crimes based on their belief that the victim will comply to their demands. The bottom line is you do have the right to defend yourself, using reasonable force or force that is adequate to stop the attack from continuing. For example, if the thug is unarmed and attempting to strongarm you out of your hard-earned money and property then you can defend yourself with enough force to allow you to escape to safety.
However, should you be facing an armed thug then, depending on the situation, it might be wise to comply. Certainly, citizens shouldn't casually decide to resist a mugger unless they have made a careful assessment of the threat and are confident they can repel the thug or, better yet, escape/run away from the situation without having to fight. Only the defender can make the choice of what to do.
REMEMBER! You will likely get charged with assault if you go beyond using reasonable force to defend yourself. For example: if you are convinced a thug is about to harm you and you hit him/her once and they are stunned or momentarily dazed, allowing you to escape - that's okay. However, if, in this same scenario, you opt to hit the thug once or twice more instead of escaping the situation to safety you may be charged with assault, especially if you have injured the thug. The first instance was reasonable force, the second is excessive force.
Mitigating factors such as size, maturity and age differences, the attacker's mindset, etc will likely be considered in the amount of justified force used in self defence.
Master Mike used to teach Criminal Law to police and correctional program students in college. He is thoroughly knowledgeable about the Use of Force and self defence in Canada and is also very well versed in the American Use of Force and self defence laws. During the COVID 19 lockdown, he held five Zoom conferences on the subject that involved participants from Eastern and Western Canada as well as the United States from Vermont, Connecticut, West Virginia, and New York. So, Master Mike can help answer just about any question on the matter.
Visit the Justice Laws Website to read more about Bill C-46 and read up on self defence by clicking this link:
The Criminal Code of Canada
If you are interested to see and feel Combat Hapkido and self-defence in action, drop in and try out a class. We are co-located with Balance Fitness Gym in the Westphal Plaza between the Panda Restaurant and the Bank of Nova Scotia.
Fournier Combat Hapkido Academy
226 Waverley Road, Dartmouth, NS
Telephone : 902-210-3738